Runway 10-28 was shut down on Aug. 30, and will be closed until late fall so it can be repaved and installed with new navigational equipment. In the meantime, the airport's approximately 650 daily passenger flights will have to take off and land using just one runway.
Months of pushback from residents in Columbia, Elkridge and Hanover has prompted local officials to push the Federal Aviation Administration to take action against "unacceptable" noise caused by changes in flight patterns after the rollout of Next Gen, a new $40 billion system to modernize the national air traffic control system.
"We can no longer wait for the slow exchange of letters and emails, as immediate action is required," wrote County Executive Allan Kittleman, County Council Chairman Calvin Ball and Councilman Jon Weinstein in a May 24 letter to the FAA, which plans to meet with local and state officials on July 12.
The FAA says the new system — which has drawn frustrations from Congress — is a more sophisticated, modern method to manage air traffic, curbing carbon emission, speeding up departures and saving $14.3 billion in fuel costs by 2030.
But communities across the country have sounded off against Next Gen for sparking an old problem in new areas where airport noise was not previously a significant concern.
"It's like living in a combat zone that isn't supposed to exist," said Winder. "If we logged complaints, we would literally have to sit down on the computer or telephone all day, for hour after hour, documenting plane after plane."
A study by the National Academies of Sciences criticized the program for failing to meet public expectations about the program's original mission to revolutionize air traffic management.
At BWI, noise complaints more than doubled over the last two years. The airport received 835 calls in 2014 and more than 1,800 calls last year, according to Jonathan Dean, the airport's communications manager.
Dean said airport construction partly explains the increase it diverts airline traffic to another runway, concentrating noise in certain communities.
Before buying her house in Elkridge, Barbara Deckert parked in front of the land with her late husband, Gerry, to listen.
The couple knew the airport was nearby.
"We thought, okay, this is good," said Deckert. "We absolutely didn't sign up for this. The community has been fighting the MAA and FAA for months. It's kind of living like in a thunderstorm. You know you'll be okay, but you can't concentrate, you can't sleep and you don't know when the next boom is coming."
According to correspondence between state and local elected officials, the FAA asserted the noise was associated with major construction at the airport. Runway 10-28, for example, was closed from late August to mid-November and periodically throughout the year, Dean said. All major construction was completed in November.
Agency officials conducted environmental and noise studies where new flight paths were instituted. But the MAA said the FAA's departure procedures for planes flying below 3,000 feet since last May are different from the procedures the state aviation administration prepared and the FAA approved.
The MAA also said the FAA inaccurately stated construction at BWI caused the increase in noise complaints, according to an April letter to the FAA. Now, the MAA wants the federal flight paths to revert to old traffic patterns.
Weinstein said residents pushed the MAA to concede changes in flight paths caused by Next Gen contributed to increased noise levels.
"At this point, I want a commitment from the FAA to address this problem or revert back to the old routes in place," said Weinstein. "They sent us a form letter where they referenced the Potomac River off near Reagan [National Airport], which seemed to suggest total disinterest."
"You can't just say well, you live near an airport and you should expect noise," she said. "That's why they have noise zones. We never expected this problem. It simply didn't exist."
In a statement, the FAA said "it had not yet made a determination whether any of the noise concerns are related to NextGen procedures," adding it agreed to meet privately with elected officials to address concerns raised in the letter.
Construction and the temporary closure of runway 28 may explain the aircraft noise, wrote FAA spokeswoman Arlene Salak in an email.
"However, we are working with MAA to understand and address community noise concerns," wrote Salak.