The retouching on the black-and-white photograph is a giveaway.
The good looks of the suave young man peering out from one of Warsaw's Academy of Fine Arts student passbooks rival those of a movie star. The confident gaze, hint of a smile and darkroom-perfected complexion were all characteristic of portraiture in the 1930s and 1940s.
Next to the headshot, a red ink stamp pinpoints the date first hinted at by the portrait's signature style: Oct. 31, 1939. That was the last time Jerzy Kajetanski used his bus pass in his native Poland, two months after the Sept. 1 opening salvo of World War II that shut down the academy and forever altered his future.
What makes this well-preserved record of a life interrupted so remarkable is that its unfilled spaces seemed at first to solely represent a dream demolished with no warning by Germany's invasion.
Ultimately, the passbook came to mean much more. It now serves as the last tangible evidence of a dream deferred but not lost, thanks to an artist's perseverance and a daughter's devotion.
A personal odyssey
The dining room table in Eva Skrenta's Wilde Lake townhome sits in the eye of a hurricane of activity. Her father's 6-foot-square abstract painting titled "Celebration of Color" fills the adjoining living room. Other pieces of Kajetanski's art grace the curved stairway and most of the walls.
Skrenta, who immigrated with her parents to the U.S. in 1950 when she was 9 years old, has been caught up for many years in the pursuit of recognition for her father's art, as most of life's less-pressing aspects twirl about her.
Kajetanski, who lived in Wilde Lake for 11 years, worked in many media and his creations range from scratchboards to oil pastels to collages and more. Just as importantly, his works number more than 3,000 pieces. An abstract expressionist who also painted war scenes and landscapes of Wilde Lake, he built his body of work over six decades.
"My father digested everything, and it all came out in his art, one way or another," said Skrenta, a 36-year resident of Columbia. "He used to joke that he didn't really want to be famous and just wanted art students to have to learn his name, but I'm not convinced of that."
Skrenta has tasted both success and failure in her mission to find a museum home for her father's work, much of it created in his so-called spare time and continuing until his death at age 86 in 1999.
Forty-five scratchboards of wartime scenes, an oil painting of a concentration camp, three pen-and-ink drawings and one self-portrait in oil pastels are on exhibit in the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington.
But the National Museum in Poland, which she visited in 2008 and pursued for many months, finally declined this year to include Kajetanski's work in a section of Polish contemporary artists, claiming his personal style "was not unique enough," Skrenta said.
Despite handing down that rejection, the curator contacted three other museums, a move that at long last brought Skrenta to the end of a personal odyssey.
Torun University, which is in a centuries-old town near Warsaw, not only expressed interest in his work, in March the institution asked Skrenta for everything she could give them in order to show his development as an artist.
"The paintings by Jerzy Kajetanski significantly enrich the Collection of the University Museum, which gathers works of art by Polish artists living abroad," wrote Miroslaw A. Supruniuk, director of the university's library and museum in Torun, in an e-mail.
"His paintings are soon to be exhibited at the Museum and are later to become research matter for art historians," he noted.
Determined to create
Kajetanski was 26 years old when his life as a second-year graduate student in fine arts was abruptly snatched away from him. Two years later, he married Halina, a fellow artist, then joined the underground and soon after became a father — all in 1941.
After a three-year stint as a soldier and a year in a labor camp with his family, Kajetanski took them to America and soon was making rolls in a Pennsylvania bakery instead of painting in a studio.
Five years later, the family moved to Manhattan, where both of Skrenta's parents worked as artists for Paramount Studios, helping to create Popeye cartoons. Around that time, Halina began to step back and allow her husband's talent to take precedence in their lives.
"My mother decided to be the custodian and the critic of my father's art," Skrenta said. "He was a rebel who chose not to be disciplined. Art was freeing for him."
As an abstract expressionist, he was heavily influenced by Wassily Kandinsky, Fernand Leger and Pablo Picasso, she said. But he was also profoundly moved by world events, so it was no surprise that in 1960 he painted his vivid memories with scenes from the war.
Fiery reds and yellows combine with black to evoke the hell of conflict, with bombed-out shells of buildings serving as the backdrop for a dead horse lying in the street as a German tank approaches. The series of four was broken up years ago when Kajetanski gave one of the paintings to his brother-in-law, who eventually donated it to the Rockhampton War Memorial Museum in Queensland, Australia.
"He could never forget what happened to him and his country," said Skrenta. "The images of war kept bubbling up because he felt a responsibility to show the world what had happened so it would never happen again."
After many years in Manhattan, Skrenta's aging parents moved to Wilde Lake in 1988 to be near her and became well-acquainted with the Howard County arts community.
A retrospective exhibit of 32 of the artist's abstract painting was mounted in February for a monthlong show at Slayton House Gallery in the Wilde Lake Community Center.
"What a true talent he was," said village manager Bernice Kish, who knew the artist and arranged the show that attracted 600 visitors. "His work transcends lovely painting and has real content to it."
Though the gallery has displayed other works by Kajetanski over the years, Kish wondered how observers would feel about the all-abstract exhibit and was pleasantly surprised at the "overwhelmingly positive" reaction.
"People asked me why abstract painting seems to be making a comeback," said Kish. "It's because our times are chaotic, and art has always portrayed where we are as a society."
The Kajetanskis also befriended many of their daughter's friends, including Woodstock artist Mary Jo Tydlacka.
"Jerzy had to fight his entire life to get the chance to do what was important to him" after his schooling ended so abruptly, Tydlacka said. "The miracle is that he did it."
The artist's raw determination was handed down to his daughter, Tydlacka said.
"Without Eva's dedication, and Halina's as well, the whole thing could have gone up in a heap," she said.
"It was a process that I went through, doing everything by the seat of my pants with no training," said Skrenta, who intends to translate 13 essays her father wrote in Polish.
"It makes me feel good that I understood my parents' goals," she said. "When I talk about all this, I still choke up. This is my heritage."
Is there a noteworthy person or event in your neighborhood? Contact Neighbors columnist Janene Holzberg at email@example.com or 410-461-4150.