But this fee caused an uproar from the outset. Gov. Larry Hogan and other Republicans campaigned on a pledge to repeal the fee. Then, some of the jurisdictions refused to raise the new revenue by hitting individuals with fees and, instead, opted to pay the county's obligation in a lump sum, such as Carroll County. Initially, government leaders here pushed back at the "rain tax" requirements and, in 2014, the Maryland Department of the Environment exempted the county from levying a tax as long as Carroll continued to appropriate money into a Watershed Protection and Restoration Fund.