After the Gulf War there was the issue of Hussein's program to create atomic weapons. America and Great Britain mounted what amounted to an air war, Operation Desert Fox, ostensibly to destroy Iraq's nuclear capability. In fact, Hussein had abandoned his nuclear program after the Gulf War. But he pretended to have one to maintain his prestige in the region. The U.S. under the leadership of President George Walker Bush and after the 9/11 attack launched the Iraq war. Essentially we were punishing one pretender to the Caliphate, Hussein, for the sins of another pretender to the Caliphate, bin Laden.