Secondly, states with smaller populations already have significant advantages within our federal government. For example, each state, regardless of population, has two votes in the United States Senate. California has almost 40 million people and Wyoming has under 600,000 people. Yet, they both have two Senators in Congress with equal voting power. In fact, 22 of our smallest states combined have fewer voters than California. Yet, combined, they are represented in Congress with 44 Senators compared to just two representing the people of California.