Charter government allows each county to write its own constitution, in other words — a charter. Each charter is written differently by each county, but the one common denominator is that all charters give their counties the right to enact their own local laws without the approval of the General Assembly. Out of the 11 charter counties, nine have a clear separation of powers, namely, a county council that creates and passes legislation, and a county executive who executes the law and runs the government. This is how Carroll’s eight municipalities are presently run — a town or city council writes and passes ordinances, and an executive, a mayor, executes and enforces those ordinances. Two charter counties (Talbot and Dorchester) have county councils and no county executive and operate in the same fashion as our BOCC. Depending on how the charter is written, some counties elect their council members by district or at-large or a hybrid thereof. Furthermore, charter counties have bonding authority and determine compensation for their county-level elected officials, such as the county’s state’s attorney.