In sum, the battle flag, since the Civil War, has been associated with “keeping the blacks down” through practices like segregated public facilities, restrictions on voting, substandard education, red-lining in housing, discrimination in employment, violent intimidation, racially skewed mass incarceration, and even inhumane medical research. Around the world, the flag has become a reminder of America’s faults. Fans of the flag are likely to minimize the importance of these issues (no big deal, get over it, we’re past that now, who cares?), but in so doing they keep the issues alive. Of course, today’s fans of the flag did not suffer as victims of these practices, whatever their other forms of suffering may be.