Grant acknowledged that his methods are not a silver bullet for the jurisdictions that implement them.
In Siskiyou County, Calif., for instance, the end result of his ideas are still up in the air, according to officials there.
Siskiyou, like Carroll, is often at odds with its state leaders. Due to the state's regulations, and the feeling that they are not being listened to by California state lawmakers, the Siskiyou County Board of Supervisors voted to look into seceding from the state in September. Similar calls for succession have been made recently for Carroll and other counties in Maryland.
Grant was paid by officials in Siskiyou to advise them in a dispute over the potential closing of four dams in the 240-mile Klamath River, which spans southwestern Oregon and northern California. The closing of the dams have been touted as a way to save salmon populations, and increase reliable water supplies for irrigation by the U.S. Department of the Interior and state agencies.
The county supervisors in Siskiyou fear that removing the dams could have a large impact on flooding, the local economy, property values, renewable power and restoration efforts, among other concerns.
Siskiyou County Supervisor Grace Bennett said the county is currently coordinating with DOI and state agencies over the potential dam removal, but she is not sure they will be able to block the closing of the dams.
"They have made up their mind and are going to do what they want to do whether we like it or not," she said, noting that Congressional approval will be needed before the department removes the dams.
Bennett said she did not interact with Grant directly, but said she thought his consultation was helpful. Still, she said she is unsure how much of Grant's assistance helped the county.
"It's hard for me to quantify how much help he has been in these negotiations," she said.
Bennett said coordination has worked well with other agencies, such as the U.S. Forest Service. Siskiyou County and the Forest Service have worked to try to keep roads open to public lands, she said.
She said jurisdictions should have solid plans to work with when they start to negotiate with state and federal officials to make the coordination process go smoothly.
Grant said he had success with the process in other cases, including in Fremont County, Wyo., where he helped to block the closing of campgrounds by the U.S. Forest Service that the county felt were essential.
He said, often, it is the counties that fight the hardest that get the best results out of the process.
"There are mixed results," he said. "Here is the way I have found it: When a county is committed -- and I mean committed -- that they are not going to back away ... and they want to take this to the end result, I have not found that there is any agency that has succeeded in doing something that put a town, or put a county, out of business."