Mark Twain is reputed to have stated that history does not repeat itself, but it often rhymes. I very much fear that is the case today. Back in 1994, the United States was on the brink of war with North Korea over its threat to leave the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty. In July 1994, the U.S. reached a deal that in return for oil and nuclear power, North Korea would cease nuclear weapons production. For six years, the deal mostly worked. The U.S. Secretary of State even visited North Korea in October 2000! However, in 2001, George Bush became president, started not following through with U.S. commitments (such as the nuclear power plant) and declared North Korea a member of the "axis of evil." North Korea in response began a clandestine uranium enrichment program (although still refrained from restarting its more dangerous plutonium program). The Bush administration responded by effectively killing the remainder of the nuclear deal by cutting off oil shipments and North Korea pulled out. At the time, North Korea had one to two nuclear weapons and no effective delivery systems. Today, most estimates say they have 30 nuclear weapons and are close to being able to hit the U.S.