The general who led the Pentagon's review of the largest leak of classified documents in U.S. history told a military judge Wednesday that their publication revealed tactics, strained relations with some allies and caused some Afghans to stop cooperating with Americans.
But so far as he knows, retired Brig. Gen. Robert Carr said, no one who was named in the reports was killed as a result of the leak.
Carr, the former director of the Defense Counterintelligence and Human Intelligence Center at the Defense Intelligence Agency, was the first witness called by prosecutors in the sentencing phase of the court-martial of Army Pfc. Bradley E. Manning.
Manning, 25, was convicted this week of espionage, theft and disobeying regulations for giving more than 700,000 war logs and diplomatic cables and battlefield video footage to the anti-secrecy group WikiLeaks. The onetime Marylander could be sentenced to up to 136 years in prison.
Prosecutors called two witnesses Wednesday to testify to the damage they say the breach caused. The sides also plan to present evidence about Manning's motivations during the sentencing phase, which is expected to take weeks.
Manning, who did not testify during the eight-week trial, could take the stand now or submit a written statement.
His court-martial has drawn worldwide attention to the small courtroom at Fort Meade, where Army Col. Denise Lind has heard the case without a jury.
To some, Manning is a whistle-blower whose release of gun-sight video footage of a U.S. helicopter crew killing civilians in Baghdad revealed evidence of a possible war crime. To others, he is a traitor whose release of classified materials endangered American lives.
His court-martial has unfolded as disclosures by another young intelligence worker has fueled a broader debate in Congress and among the public over national security, government secrecy and privacy rights.
Edward Snowden, the former National Security Agency contractor who revealed details of secret U.S. telephone and Internet surveillance programs, called Manning "a classic whistle-blower."
In Washington on Wednesday, the Obama administration released the secret court order that authorized the continuing collection of millions of telephone records.
As senior intelligence officials testified before the Senate Judiciary Committee, Sen. Patrick Leahy, the panel's Democratic chairman, said the administration had failed to convince lawmakers or the public that the program is a crucial tool.
At Fort Meade, Carr described the Pentagon's effort to assess the damage after Manning's breach became known.
Carr headed the Information Review Task Force, which studied hundreds of thousands of documents to determine what methods and sources they might reveal — and which service members and foreign nationals might be endangered.
The retired general said the war logs contained the names of 900 Afghans, some of whom had aided U.S. troops. As a result of the disclosure, he said, some stopped their cooperation.
Similarly, he said, the release of diplomatic cables strained relations between some U.S. defense attaches and the governments with whom they were assigned to work.
Carr said the records also included details of U.S. casualties that might have been troubling to family members. He did not know how many Iraqis were named in the reports.
Also testifying was John Kirchhofer, deputy chief financial officer of the Defense Intelligence Agency and a senior member of Carr's task force.
Earlier in the day, Lind said Manning would get credit for 1,162 days of pretrial confinement as of Wednesday, plus 112 days for unlawful confinement. She ruled earlier this year that Manning had been mistreated at the Marine Corps Brig in Quantico, Va.
Manning's attorneys asked Lind on Wednesday to merge several of the charges on which he was convicted, in a bid to reduce the maximum possible sentence still further.
Lind gave prosecutors until Friday to respond and said she would rule next week.
Manning, who served as an intelligence analyst in Baghdad in 2009 and 2010, has acknowledged giving the classified materials to WikiLeaks. The group posted the video footage of the 2007 Apache helicopter attack as "Collateral Murder."
At a pretrial hearing, Manning said he wanted to provoke a public debate about U.S. military and foreign policy.
Lind found him not guilty Tuesday of aiding the enemy, the most serious charge against him, which by itself could have meant a life sentence.
But she found Manning guilty of 20 other charges, for which he faces the prospect of decades in prison.
The Oklahoma native lived with an aunt in Potomac and studied at Montgomery College before he enlisted in the Army in 2007. He has been detained since his arrest in Baghdad in 2010.
Tribune Newspaper's Washington Bureau contributed to this article.