The first mayor of Baltimore to resign was its first mayor: James Calhoun. A Revolutionary War patriot, he was elected mayor Feb. 21, 1797, and served three successive terms and part of a fourth, until 1804.
Apparently, he quit to devote his full time to private affairs. He was 73 when he died in 1816 and was buried in Westminster Presbyterian Churchyard at Fayette and Greene streets, where Edgar Allan Poe quietly joined him 33 years later.
George Stiles, who was elected mayor in 1816, left office in 1819, presumably suffering from bad health. He died several months later.
Jacob Small Jr.
Jacob Small Jr., a veteran of the War of 1812 who served under Gen. Samuel Smith, occupied City Hall from 1826 until resigning in 1831.
Considered an accomplished mayor who inaugurated garbage collection, established what became the House of Refuge in 1831, began Patterson Park and completed the Washington Monument, he also left office to pursue other business interests.
A carpenter and builder, Small designed the B&O Railroad's Ellicott City station, which was completed in 1831. The structure, dedicated a National Historic Landmark in 1968, is his only extant piece of architecture.
When Small died in 1851, he received an obituary worthy of his name in The Sun, despite high praise by mayoral historians for his many accomplishments.
In what has to be a record of brevity for a public official's obit, The Sun reported: "Colonel Jacob Small, formerly one of the most efficient mayors Baltimore ever had, died at his residence in this city on Friday. His remains were yesterday attended to their narrow home by the Masonic fraternity."
Hunt, who was also a director of the failed bank, was alarmed by the violence. With help from bailiffs, watchmen and several citizens, he decided to guard Johnson's home.
A mob gathered, and despite Hunt's best efforts, the crowd moved on and attacked the Charles Street home of John Glenn, another bank director. Another director's home was savaged the next night. There was no stopping the mob, and clearly Hunt had lost control of the city.
"Hunt paid for his allegiance to the bank directors by having his own home destroyed by the mob," Schaumberg said.
Hunt, it can be said, was driven from office by the rioting. He resigned five days after the crisis began, on Aug. 11, 1835.
Samuel Brady, elected in 1840, was forced from office two years later over a dispute between the mayor's office and the City Council over the city's purchase of stock in the B&O Railroad.
Solomon Hillen Jr.
Solomon Hillen Jr. was elected to complete the remainder of Brady's term, and then elected to a full two-year term. He resigned, apparently because of poor health, in 1843.
George William Brown
George William Brown was elected Nov. 12, 1860, and stepped into the mayor's office at a time the country was inextricably drifting toward civil war. His mayoral career would be undone by it.
Brown did little to disguise his Southern sympathies, and President Abraham Lincoln, fearing the loss of Baltimore and worried about the possible secession of Maryland, ordered the occupation of the city a month after the riot.
Gen. Benjamin Butler and troops of the 6th Massachusetts Regiment took command of the city from Federal Hill. Brown was arrested Sept. 12, 1861, on military order and sent to Fort Warren, a forbidding granite fortress in the outer approaches to Boston Harbor, where his mayoral term quietly expired.
Brown, who was later elected chief judge of the Supreme Bench of Baltimore City in 1872, lived until 1890.
William Donald Schaefer left the mayor's office, to which he had been elected for four terms, in 1987 after being elected governor in 1986.
In 2007, Martin O'Malley, who had been mayor since 1999, repeated Schaefer's move when he was elected governor.
Previous to Pugh, the most recent predecessor to resign was Mayor Sheila Dixon, who announced that she would resign Feb. 4, 2010, as part of a plea deal that brought a yearslong corruption investigation to a close and ended the tenure of the city's first female mayor.