Highlights from the NAACP's history

The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, is the nation's oldest civil rights organization. In 1986, the NAACP moved its headquarters from New York City to Baltimore.

Historic events

1909: Feb. 12, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People is founded by a multiracial group of activists in New York City. The group was initially called the National Negro Committee.

1913: President Woodrow Wilson introduces segregation into the federal government. The NAACP launches a public protest against the policy.

1918: After persistent pressure by the NAACP, President Wilson makes a public statement against lynching.

1935: NAACP lawyers Charles Houston and Baltimore native Thurgood Marshall win the legal battle to admit a black student to the University of Maryland.

1954: Thurgood Marshall and the NAACP win one of its greatest legal victories in Brown vs. the Board of Education.

1955: NAACP member Rosa Parks is arrested for refusing to give up her seat on a segregated bus in Montgomery, Ala. Thus begins the largest civil rights movement in U.S. history, with efforts of the NAACP and other black organizations.

1963: After a successful mass civil rights rally, NAACP first Field Director Medgar Evers is assassinated in Jackson, Miss.

1963: NAACP pushes for the passage of the Equal Employment Opportunity Act.
Recent events

2000: Presidential candidate George W. Bush attends the NAACP convention in Baltimore. Later, the group's National Voter Fund runs a TV ad featuring the daughter of a black man dragged to death by three white men in a pickup truck. The ad accuses then-Texas Governor Bush of turning down a call for state hate crime legislation.

2001: The Adam's Mark hotel chain agrees to pay $1.1 million to settle allegations that it discriminated against black guests during a 1999 black college reunion in Florida. The settlement ends a boycott by the NAACP and legal action by the hotel chain against those who canceled contracts as part of the boycott.

2002: NAACP president Kweisi Mfume calls for election reform and releases a state-by-state report card on voting practices spurred by the 2000 presidential election in Florida.

2003: A federal judge in New York dismisses a case filed by the NAACP against the firearms industry. The lawsuit accused the gun industry of irresponsible distribution and marketing practices that have a disproportionate impact on the black community.

2004: In July, President Bush declines to attend the NAACP convention in Philadelphia amid accusations that the organization leans toward the Democrats. In late October, the NAACP announces that the Internal Revenue Service is reviewing its tax exempt status, which requires it to be nonpartisan.

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