Anne Arundel County

It may be winter, but golf goes on


he 73-year-old in the baseball-style cap could not look happier.

It's 10:30 on a January morning, the winds are less than gale force, the sun is peeking through some clouds, and as he bends over on the first tee at the Eisenhower Golf Course in Crownsville, Bruno Heidik doesn't even need the little hammer he used last week to bash his golf tee into the frozen ground.


The tee "slides in nicely today," says Heidik before addressing the ball, taking a long backswing and belting an impressive drive down the middle of the fairway.

It has been a long, cold few months in Maryland, a state where most golf courses are open year-round - and where this winter's heavy snows have worsened golfers' annual bouts with cabin fever.


In Anne Arundel County, as elsewhere, business is always radically slower between Thanksgiving and March, when the days grow shorter and the winds icier, but don't tell die-hards like Heidik and his pals for the day, Don Goan, 73, and Harry Yost, 82, it's a bad time to indulge in their sport of choice.

They're among the dozens in the county who play regularly right through the calendar's coldest months, enduring whatever meteorological abuse (and eye-rolling from family members) it takes to be out on the course and swinging.

Weather permitting, of course.

"I'm not one of those lunatics," says Yost, a CPA and attorney from Arden-on-the-Severn. "It's got to be above freezing" for him to play. A wind kicks up, the sun ducks behind a bank of clouds, and the three finish their drives, marching off onto the soggy course.

The round is under way.

Winter golfers live and die by the weather report, and it wasn't lost on Heidik's group that forecasters called for afternoon temperatures in the 50s.

But like many a promising winter day in Maryland, this one didn't start so nicely.

Part-time pro shop worker Cliff Anderson says when he got up (he lives a few miles away, in Severna Park) and had to scrape ice off his windshield, he knew he wouldn't be opening the course at 8 a.m., the official starting time.


"I realized we'd have a frost delay," says Anderson. "When I got here, the whole course looked like it was covered in ice."

Course superintendent Mike Papineau finally gave the go-ahead at 10, by which time the rising sun had melted the ice clinging to individual blades of grass.

An hour later, the course looks about the way it will in March, when nature's thaw begins in earnest.

The fairways are as straw-colored as they are green. The turf is soggy. Erratic gusts whip the flags on a nearby green.

Below a grove of bare trees on a hillside, a lake is half-covered in ice.

"No reason you can't play well today," says Heidik, a retired businessman. "And walking keeps you remarkably warm."


A week earlier, he didn't feel as rosy. One morning, he and three buddies braved 30-degree temperatures at tee time at Compass Pointe, a public course in Pasadena.

The greens were clear, which meant the course could open for business, but patches of snow still dotted the ground.

Heidik, who uses only white golf balls, had some problems with that.

"You'd hit one onto a snowdrift and have to spend a long time looking for it," he says.

"They should make golf balls with little buzzers, so you can find them," Yost says.

These are the kind of guys who can make even grizzled pros scratch their heads.


"We love our die-hards, but there are times when I wonder what they're doing out there," says Steve Peterson, general manager of Bay Hills Golf Club, a popular Arnold course. "It can be 20 degrees [when they play]! I don't want to get the mail."

The weather warps the game itself, says Peterson. First, the chilly air hardens the cover on a ball and stiffens the fingers, which means if you don't strike it cleanly, "you're going to feel it in your hands - and I don't mean in a good way."

The cold also creates a paradox. Lower temperatures mean less of an energy transfer from club head to ball, which in turn means it won't travel as far. That's one reason even some of the proudest winter golfers aren't above playing from the so-called ladies' tees, a decision that shortens every hole by 20 percent or more.

"Actually, we usually refer to them as winter tees," Heidik says.

But even on warmer days like this day, the ground is still frozen so hard below the surface that a ball can roll crazy distances.

"Don't get too upset if you hit a beautiful shot onto the green and it bounces 15 feet in the air and over," Peterson says. "You kind of want to play British-style - just run it up there and let it roll."


Yost is using a new pull-cart he operates by remote control. He says it's necessary because his shoulders ache. But on one hole, his sudden, compact swing launches a liner that flies a while, then lands, bouncing over a ridge as though it had hit cement.

It's on the fairway - nirvana for a 20-handicapper.

"Nothing to this game!" Yost cries, and the group moves on.

For course operators, golfers and even the spouses who find it hard to grasp the appeal of this frigid hobby, winter golf is about adjusting to the elements.

Take the business aspect. Courses in Florida or Texas can operate year-round, and layouts in frigid states such as Peterson's native Wisconsin simply shut down.

But Maryland courses - generally up and running if there isn't snow on the ground - stay open and hope for the best.


Business, of course, drops sharply during winter. County layouts like Bay Hills or Compass Pointe, which book as many as 300 rounds a day in the summer, have many winter days that draw no one. If the mercury tops 50 degrees and there's little wind, they might attract 60 or 70.

It can get quiet in pro shops, where the frequency of phone calls and foot traffic drops along with the temperature.

Courses also offer special winter rates and trim staff. Bay Hills, which employs 34 people during high season, pares back to about 10 for the winter and shuts down concessions almost completely.

"Just the essentials - chips and beer," Peterson says.

Even as maintenance staff use the leaner months as a time to clear drains, trim branches and finish other projects - last year, Papineau completed work that won Eisenhower recognition from the Audubon Society for good ecological stewardship - managers are offering concessions.

Bay Hills' 13th hole was closed this week, for example.


"It's a north-facing slope with a lot of tree coverage," Peterson says. "There's still snow and wetness. We let [players] pick another one to play if they want a full 18 [holes]. That seems to work out fine."

For the players, winter golf can be like an episode of "Man vs. Wild," with each competitor seeking a balance between a survivor's warmth and sufficient comfort to be able to waggle a 9-iron.

Even on the coldest days, Heidik wears only a single black wool glove when he's playing. Yost seeks no more protection than a wind breaker and a Ravens cap.

Andy Andrews, 81, a retired mechanical engineer from Severna Park who plays several times a week year-round, weather permitting, dons woolen mittens for chilly rounds, though he takes them off for each shot.

Andrews, who was featured in a local newspaper years ago while playing on a 26-degree day, has golfed during snowy downfalls (it's not that hard to see the ball, he says) and once went out on a day so cold that a golf ball he struck split in two as it left his club face.

"That's when I realized you have to use a two- or three-ball rotation," he says. "You always play one that has been warming in your pocket."


As long as you keep yourself relatively warm, he says, it's just as easy to enjoy golf during winter as it is any other time of year. But it takes strategy.

The percentage of golfers who walk rather than ride in a cart jumps in winter, Peterson says, since hoofing it generates body heat. Andrews swears by Hot Hands, a brand of hand-warming packet that generates heat through chemical reaction when it's rubbed.

Other players invest hundreds of dollars in zippered cart covers that encase most riding carts, creating a wind-free passenger compartment.

These pioneers usually use tiny propane heaters to warm up the interior. (They fit in a beverage holder, standard on a golf cart.)

"It can get hot in there," Peterson laughs.

Most of all, though, it's crucial to dress right. On the worst days, Andrews deploys a five-layer strategy. His outfit starts with a T-shirt and builds outward with thermal underwear, a cotton turtleneck, a ragg wool sweater and a wind breaker on the outside to seal the effects.


"It's better to start the day with more layers, then proceed to fewer when necessary," says Andrews, who worked 40 years at the Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory.

"Don't laugh," he says. "I'm an engineer! I can't help seeking answers and ways of doing things."

To Andrews, whom Anderson calls one of Eisenhower's most hard-core winter golfers, winter conditions are like any other variable in a game that has baffled players for centuries.

"Golf is not a game that will bore you," he says. "I'm sure even Tiger [Woods], the best in the world, still has his challenges. [Weather] is just one additional factor to deal with."

As Heidik, Goan and Yost muck their way around Eisenhower's 5,876 yards, completing one of the 25 or so rounds they'll play this winter, a man in a knit hat stands near a practice green, rhythmically chipping balls onto the surface.

Brian Johnson of Davidsonville won't be playing a full round today. He's here to practice his short game for an hour or so.


His wife is at home, he says, looking after their 1-year-old.



this" hobby, he says, then shanks a ball, quite possibly out of guilt.

But golf, a legendary pro once said, is about looking forward to the next shot, even, perhaps, when things look bleakest. Including the weather.

"It has been a long winter," Johnson says. "My withdrawal has been worse than usual. But when spring comes, I'll be ready."