The bill closes what some say is a gap in state law that allows private sales of shotguns and rifles without background checks. All sales of handguns and long guns from licensed dealers require background checks.
“It closes a significant loophole,” said Del. Vanessa Atterbeary, a Howard County Democrat who is the bill’s main sponsor.
Atterbeary’s bill was initially much broader, creating a long-gun license and a registry of long-gun owners. But those provisions were stripped out by the House Judiciary Committee.
Although Maryland already has some of the strictest gun laws in the nation, members of Moms Demand Action for Gun Sense in America say the state needs to continue to be a leader on gun control. They support bans on 3D printed guns and “ghost guns” made from kits, among other measures.
Atterbeary said the revised bill still leaves a loophole. Maryland residents could buy rifles and shotguns in other states that don’t require background checks and then bring them into the state.
Still, she said, the version moving forward would be a significant policy improvement by requiring more background checks. She said the background checks — which take about 20 minutes and can be completed at a licensed dealer — will flag people who are prohibited from buying a gun for reasons such as being previously convicted of violent crimes.
“Rifles and shotguns are every bit as dangerous as handguns, and should never be sold without a background check,” she said in a statement.
Opponents say that the background check requirement is cumbersome and infringes upon the Second Amendment right to own guns. They argue that long guns are rarely used in murders and other crimes of violence, and therefore shouldn’t be further regulated.
“Criminals don’t use long guns. They use handguns, for crying out loud,” said Mark Pennak, president of the advocacy group Maryland Shall Issue. “All this does is create criminals unnecessarily out of completely law-abiding people.”
Pennak said gun owners have been selling shotguns and rifles privately for generations, and many may unwittingly violate the law — if it passes — because they don’t know about it.
Those who do know about it may not be able to get the background checks done, Pennak predicted. The bill requires the buyer and seller to go to a licensed dealer to get a check through the FBI’s National Instant Criminal Background Check System, or NICS. Pennak questions whether the FBI will allow licensed dealers to run NICS checks on behalf of private sellers.
Pennak said his organization will challenge the measure if it becomes law.
“It is ripe for a lawsuit,” he said. “If this becomes law the way it is written, it simply is not enforceable.”
A companion bill sponsored by Sen. Susan Lee, a Montgomery County Democrat, has not advanced in the state Senate. Atterbeary said she’s hopeful the Senate will consider her bill once it passes the House of Delegates.
The House of Delegates was in session on Saturday afternoon in advance of a procedural deadline on Monday. Bills must be approved by at least one chamber — the House or the Senate — by the end of the day on Monday to guarantee consideration in the other chamber.