At long last, the Ever Forward is free.
After weeks of tugging, pulling, digging and dumping, the 1,095-foot cargo ship was pried from the muddy clutches of the Chesapeake Bay Sunday morning.
Two pulling barges and five mighty tugboats shimmed the massive ship backward and sideways until it was dislodged just before 7 a.m. Salvage crews harnessed the power of a full moon and a spring tide in a third and final push to free the ship that had sat stuck for more than a month.
Coast Guard officials have still not revealed how the biggest ship to ever be so stuck in the Chesapeake Bay missed a turn and jumped the narrow Craighill Channel, propelling into at least 18 feet of mud and silt the night of March 13. The blunder created a national spectacle, astounding onlookers and mounting a logistical nightmare for marine engineers.
Following weeks of salvage operations, authorities turned to a costly and cumbersome last resort earlier this month, beginning to remove shipping containers from the ship April 9. A crew assigned to two cranes rappelled up and down towering stacks of containers for 12 hours a day, every day, for the past week.
Crews continued to offload containers under bright moonlight until 10:30 p.m. Saturday, when pleasant weather turned into a night of fierce winds. Nearly 500 of the 5,000 large metal containers onboard were removed from the Ever Forward and placed onto barges, which returned them to the Port of Baltimore.
The ship had been traveling from Baltimore to Norfolk, Virginia, when it became wedged in shallow waters and visible for weeks from the Eastern Shore and Pasadena.
Exactly what the Ever Forward is transporting from China isn’t clear, though some items include a New York reporter’s furniture shipped from Hong Kong and 10,000 copies of a Los Angeles author’s recent graphic novel. The ship is owned by Evergreen Marine Corp., the same Taiwanese company that owns the Ever Given, which attracted international attention last year when it blocked the Suez Canal, a crucial channel for global trade.
Maryland law requires that a local, expert pilot join and guide a ship when it is moving in and out of state waters. The Association of Maryland Pilots has not replied to requests to comment, but a Maryland pilot was aboard the ship at the time of the grounding, U.S. Coast Guard officials said.
Removing 10% of the ship’s cargo caused it to refloat by about half a foot, making enough room to reduce friction between its hull and the ground. The Ever Forward, which needs 42 feet of water to safely navigate, was then pulled across a dredged hole and finally into the safety of the channel’s 50-foot depth.
Dozens of dredging boats cycled through the bay during the past month, some digging up mud and some transporting it to Poplar Island, a restored wildlife habitat about 20 miles south of where the ship was stuck. The powerful Dale Pyatt, the largest clamshell dredge in the Western Hemisphere, was tapped for the excavation for its ability to scoop 60 cubic yards at once. At least 210,000 cubic yards of dredged material, equal to about 64 Olympic-sized swimming pools, were moved to Poplar Island.
Still, the Ever Forward did not budge until the month’s highest tide arrived Sunday and resurrected the stalled ship.
Once it refloated, the Ever Forward was weighed down again by water tanks to ensure safe passage under the Chesapeake Bay Bridge. Black smoke wafted from the ship’s engine, guided by taut tugboat lines that pulled it three hours to an anchorage south of Annapolis. Marine inspectors will now examine the ship’s hull to make sure it didn’t get crumpled from days of rocking against the ground.
The Morning Sun
If the hull is unharmed, the ship will then head back to the Port of Baltimore to reload the 500 captive containers before taking a second run at its journey to Norfolk.
The enormous effort to free a giant ship has created fanfare among both locals and far-flung Marylanders who have traveled to catch a glimpse of the celebrity boat. A line of cars patiently awaited the opening of Downs Park in Pasadena at 7 a.m. to watch the morning’s events unfold.
Observers who dutifully check the ship’s movements, or lack thereof, started camping out in nearby neighborhoods to bypass the county park’s $6 admission fee.
Maarten Maarschalkerweerd, 76, watched the sunrise and ate an early breakfast while waiting for refloating effort to begin. Binoculars in hand, the Arnold resident sat in a foldable chair by a waterfront home with a clear view of the Ever Forward.
“It’s a unique situation; that’s all,” Maarschalkerweerd said of his routine visits to see barges attempt to wrench the Ever Forward free. “I’m a civil engineer; it’s in my blood.”
Phill Brusio has been riding his bike daily through the park to see the Ever Forward embedded in the bay’s horizon. Although he witnessed the failed attempts to release the ship March 29 and March 30, he was unaware a third try would be made Sunday.
“I had a feeling to come today,” Brusio said while watching the ship move successfully down the channel. “It’s Easter of all days. It’s going to be a miracle.”