Retro Baltimore

This Week in History: Nov. 27-Dec. 3: Baltimore Harbor Tunnel opened

On Nov. 30, 1957, Baltimore's Harbor Tunnel opened. Pictured above are construction workers in the tunnel in 1956. (Baltimore Sun files)

Nov. 27, 1867: The Knights of Pythias formed in Baltimore.

Nov. 27, 1924: Macy's first Thanksgiving Day parade — billed as a “Christmas Parade” — took place in New York.

Nov. 27, 1973: The Senate voted 92-3 to confirm Gerald R. Ford as vice president, succeeding Spiro T. Agnew, who'd resigned.

Nov. 28, 1520: Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan reached the Pacific Ocean after passing through the South American strait that now bears his name.

Nov. 28, 1990: Margaret Thatcher resigned as British prime minister during an audience with Queen Elizabeth II, who then conferred the premiership on John Major.

Nov. 29, 1890: At West Point, N.Y., the first Army-Navy football game was played.

Nov. 29, 1981: Actress Natalie Wood drowned off California's Santa Catalina Island in what was described as a boating accident; she was 42.

Nov. 29, 2001: Former Beatles guitarist, singer and songwriter George Harrison died in Los Angeles following a battle with cancer; he was 58.

Nov. 30, 1835: Samuel Langhorne Clemens — better known as Mark Twain — was born in Florida, Missouri.

Nov. 30, 1874: British statesman Sir Winston Churchill was born at Blenheim Palace.

Nov. 30, 1982: The Michael Jackson album “Thriller” was released by Epic Records.

Dec. 1, 1862: President Abraham Lincoln sent his Second Annual Message to Congress, in which he called for the abolition of slavery, and went on to say, “Fellow citizens, we cannot escape history. We of this Congress and this administration will be remembered in spite of ourselves.”

Dec. 1, 1955: Rosa Parks, a black seamstress, was arrested after refusing to give up her seat to a white man on a Montgomery, Alabama, city bus; the incident sparked a year-long boycott of the buses by blacks.

Dec. 2, 1982: In the first operation of its kind, doctors at the University of Utah Medical Center implanted a permanent artificial heart in the chest of retired dentist Dr. Barney Clark, who lived 112 days with the device.

Dec. 3, 1965: The Beatles' sixth studio album, “Rubber Soul,” was released in the United Kingdom by Parlophone (it was released in the U.S. by Capitol Records three days later).

Dec. 3, 1967: Surgeons in Cape Town, South Africa, led by Dr. Christiaan Barnard performed the first human heart transplant on Louis Washkansky, who lived 18 days with the new heart.

Compiled by Lori Sears and Paul McCardell.