In 1996: Rapper Tupac Shakur was shot on the Las Vegas Strip; he died six days later. As a teenager, Shakur moved with his family to Baltimore. He attended Dunbar High School and the Baltimore School for the Arts. (AP files)
1812: The Battle of Borodino took place as French and Russian troops clashed outside Moscow. (The battle, ultimately won by Russia, was commemorated by composer Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky's “1812 Overture.”)
1825: The Marquis de Lafayette, the French hero of the American Revolution, bade farewell to President John Quincy Adams at the White House.
1927: American television pioneer Philo T. Farnsworth, 21, succeeded in transmitting the image of a line through purely electronic means with a device called an “image dissector.”
1940: During World War II, Nazi Germany began its eight-month “blitz” of Britain with the first air attack on London.
Compiled by Lori Sears.