In 1838, abolitionist Frederick Douglass successfully escaped from a slave plantation in Baltimore and made his way to New York. (Baltimore Sun file photo)
1189: Richard I, known as Richard the Lion-Hearted, was crowned King of England in Westminster Abbey.
1783: The Treaty of Paris between the United States and Great Britain officially ended the Revolutionary War.
1976: The unmanned U.S. spacecraft Viking II landed on Mars to take the first close-up, color photographs of the planet’s surface.
1991: Oscar-winning director Frank Capra (“It’s A Wonderful Life,” “It Happened One Night,” “Mr. Smith Goes to Washington”) died in LaQuinta, Calif.; he was 94.
Compiled by Laura Lefavor and Paul McCardell.