In 1945, Japan surrendered to Allied forces, officially ending World War II. Above, Gen. Douglas MacArthur (left, two figures in center) and other dignitaries board the USS Missouri before the formal surrender ceremony. (Baltimore Sun file photo)

1666: The Great Fire of London broke out, claiming thousands of homes, but only a few lives.

1901: Vice President Theodore Roosevelt offered the advice, “Speak softly and carry a big stick” in a speech at the Minnesota State Fair.

1924: The Rudolf Friml operetta “Rose Marie” opened on Broadway.

1985: It was announced that a U.S.-French expedition had located the wreckage of the Titanic about 560 miles off Newfoundland.

Compiled by Laura Lefavor and Paul McCardell.