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In 1949, the Ladies Professional Golf Association of America was formed in New York City. Pictured is LPGA golfer Joanne Avard. (Baltimore Sun files)

1788: The Congress of the Confederation authorized the first national election, and declared New York City the national capital.

1803: Commodore John Barry, considered by many the father of the American Navy, died in Philadelphia.

1948: Republican Margaret Chase Smith of Maine was elected to the U.S. Senate, becoming the first woman to serve in both houses of Congress.

1990: The combination police-courtroom drama "Law & Order" premiered on NBC television.

Compiled by Lori Sears and Paul McCardell.

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