In 1940, rock-and-roll legend John Lennon was born in Liverpool, England. (On this date in 1975, his son, Sean, was born in New York.)
1776: A group of Spanish missionaries settled in present-day San Francisco.
1888: The public was first admitted to the Washington Monument.
1914: The Belgian city of Antwerp fell to German forces during World War I.
1934: King Alexander I of Yugoslavia was assassinated in Marseille, France, by a Macedonian gunman.
1946: Eugene O'Neill’s drama “The Iceman Cometh” opened at the Martin Beck Theater in New York.
1958: Pope Pius XII died at age 82, ending a 19-year papacy. (He was succeeded by Pope John XXIII.)
1967: Latin American guerrilla leader Che Guevara was killed by the Bolivian army a day after he was captured.
1975: Soviet scientist Andrei Sakharov was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.