In 1967, former British Prime Minister Clement Attlee died in London at age 84.
1869: The 14th president of the United States, Franklin Pierce, died in Concord, N.H.
1871: The Great Chicago Fire erupted; fires also broke out in Peshtigo, Wis., and in several communities in Michigan.
1890: American aviation hero Eddie Rickenbacker was born in Columbus, Ohio.
1918: U.S. Army Cpl. Alvin C. York led an attack that killed 25 German soldiers and captured 132 others in the Argonne Forest in France.
1945: President Harry S Truman told a press conference in Tiptonville, Tenn., that the secret scientific knowledge behind the atomic bomb would be shared only with Britain and Canada.
1982: All labor organizations in Poland, including Solidarity, were banned.
2005: A magnitude 7.6 earthquake flattened villages on the Pakistan-India border, killing an estimated 86,000 people.