In 1927, the era of talking pictures arrived with the opening of “The Jazz Singer” starring Al Jolson, a movie featuring both silent and sound-synchronized sequences.
1683: Thirteen families from Krefeld, Germany, arrived in Philadelphia to begin Germantown, one of America's oldest settlements.
1884: The Naval War College was established in Newport, R.I.
1921: The musical “Bombo,” starring Al Jolson, opened on Broadway.
1958: The nuclear submarine USS Seawolf surfaced after spending 60 days submerged.
1960: The historical drama “Spartacus,” starring Kirk Douglas and directed by Stanley Kubrick, had its world premiere in New York.
1973: War erupted in the Middle East as Egypt and Syria attacked Israel on the Yom Kippur holiday.
1979: Pope John Paul II, on a week-long U.S. tour, became the first pontiff to visit the White House, where he was received by President Jimmy Carter.
1989: Actress Bette Davis died in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France, at age 81.