In 1947, Air Force test pilot Charles E. ("Chuck") Yeager broke the sound barrier as he flew the experimental Bell XS-1 (later X-1) rocket plane over Muroc Dry Lake in California.
1066: Normans under William the Conqueror defeated the English at the Battle of Hastings.
1890: Dwight D. Eisenhower, 34th president of the United States, was born in Denison, Texas.
1912: Former President Theodore Roosevelt, campaigning for the White House as the Progressive ("Bull Moose") candidate, went ahead with a speech in Milwaukee after being shot in the chest by New York saloonkeeper John Schrank, declaring, "It takes more than one bullet to kill a bull moose."
1939: A German U-boat torpedoed and sank the British battleship HMS Royal Oak, anchored at Scapa Flow in Scotland's Orkney Islands; 833 of the more than 1,200 men aboard were killed.
1964: Civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. was named winner of the Nobel Peace Prize.