In 1975, the film "One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest," starring Jack Nicholson, was released by United Artists.
1794: The United States and Britain signed Jay's Treaty, which resolved some issues left over from the Revolutionary War.
1831: The 20th president of the United States, James A. Garfield, was born in Orange Township, Ohio.
1863: President Abraham Lincoln dedicated a national cemetery at the site of the Civil War battlefield of Gettysburg in Pennsylvania.
1942: During World War II, Russian forces launched their winter offensive against the Germans along the Don front.
1969: Apollo 12 astronauts Charles Conrad and Alan Bean made the second manned landing on the moon.