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In 1855, the USS Constellation was commissioned. The ship, pictured above, patrolled near West Africa to search for ships that were possibly carrying human cargo. The ship also made the first Union Navy capture at sea during the Civil War. Today, the restored USS Constellation is afloat as a museum in the Inner Harbor.  (Monica Lopossay, Baltimore Sun photo, 2006)

1794: French revolutionaries Maximilien Robespierre and Louis Antoine Saint-Just were sent to the guillotine, ending the Reign of Terror.

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1868: The 14th Amendment to the Constitution took effect, guaranteeing due process of law.

1914: World War I began when Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia.

1943: President Franklin Roosevelt announced the end of coffee rationing.

Compiled by Jessica D. Evans and Paul McCardell.

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