In 2007, Nancy Pelosi was elected the first female speaker of the House as Democrats took control of Congress.
1896: Utah was admitted as the 45th state.
1904: The Supreme Court, in Gonzalez v. Williams, ruled that Puerto Ricans were not aliens and could enter the United States freely; however, the court stopped short of declaring them U.S. citizens. (Puerto Ricans received U.S. citizenship in 1917.)
1935: President Franklin D. Roosevelt, in his State of the Union address, called for legislation to provide assistance for the jobless, elderly, impoverished children and the handicapped.
1943: Soviet dictator Josef Stalin made the cover of TIME as the magazine's 1942 "Man of the Year."
1965: President Lyndon B. Johnson delivered his State of the Union address in which he outlined the goals of his "Great Society."
1995: The 104th Congress convened, the first entirely under Republican control since the Eisenhower era.