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This Day in History: Jan. 2

In this Feb. 27, 1959 file photo, Sen. John F. Kennedy, D-Mass., is shown in his office in Washington. Monday, May 29, 2017 marks the 100-year anniversary of the birth of Kennedy, who went on to become the 35th President of the United States. (AP Photo, File)
In this Feb. 27, 1959 file photo, Sen. John F. Kennedy, D-Mass., is shown in his office in Washington. Monday, May 29, 2017 marks the 100-year anniversary of the birth of Kennedy, who went on to become the 35th President of the United States. (AP Photo, File) (AP)

In 1960, Sen. John F. Kennedy of Massachusetts launched his successful bid for the presidency.

1788: Georgia became the fourth state to ratify the U.S. Constitution.

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1893: The U.S. Postal Service issued its first commemorative stamp to honor the World's Columbian Expedition and the quadricentennial of Christopher Columbus' voyage.

1900: U.S. Secretary of State John Hay announced the "Open Door Policy" to facilitate trade with China.

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1921: Religious services were broadcast on radio for the first time as KDKA in Pittsburgh aired the regular Sunday service of the city's Calvary Episcopal Church.

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1942: The Philippine capital of Manila was captured by Japanese forces during World War II.

1991: Sharon Pratt was sworn in as mayor of Washington, D.C., becoming the first black woman to head a city of Washington's size and prominence.

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