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This Day in History: Dec. 5

This Day in History: Dec. 5
(FILES) A file photo taken on August 28, 2007 shows former South African president Nelson Mandela waving to the media as he arrived outside 10 Downing Street, in central London, for a meeting with British Prime Minister. Mandela was on December 8, 2012 admitted to a hospital for tests consistent with old age and is doing well, the office of South Africa's president, Jacob Zuma, announced. AFP PHOTO/LEON NEALLEON NEAL/AFP/Getty Images ORG XMIT: ** TCN OUT ** ORG XMIT: CHI1212080933190640 (LEON NEAL / AFP/Getty Images)

In 2013, Nelson Mandela, the anti-apartheid leader who became South Africa's first black president and was a global symbol of sacrifice and reconciliation, died at age 95.

1782: The eighth president of the United States, Martin Van Buren, was born in Kinderhook, New York; he was the first chief executive to be born after American independence.

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1791: Composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart died in Vienna, Austria, at age 35.

1848: President James K. Polk triggered the Gold Rush of `49 by confirming that gold had been discovered in California.

1932: German physicist Albert Einstein was granted a visa, making it possible for him to travel to the United States.

1945: Five U.S. Navy torpedo bombers mysteriously disappeared after taking off from Fort Lauderdale, Florida, on a training mission (designated as Flight 19) with the loss of all 14 crew members.

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