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In 1989, the first National Lighthouse Day was celebrated. All lighthouse grounds that could were open to the public for visiting on that day, like the Seven Foot Knoll Lighthouse in the Inner Harbor (above). The holiday was inspired by the act Congress created on the same day in 1789 that supported lighthouses and buoys. (Kim Hairston, Baltimore Sun photo, 2003)

1782: George Washington established the Order of the Purple Heart, a decoration to recognize merit in enlisted men and noncommissioned officers.

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1789: The War Department was established by Congress.

1927: The Peace Bridge, connecting Buffalo with Fort Erie, Ontario, was dedicated at ceremonies attended by Vice President Charles Dawes and the Prince of Wales.

1959: The satellite Explorer-6 transmitted the first view of Earth from space.

Compiled by Jessica D. Evans and Paul McCardell.

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