In 1792, during the French Revolution, mobs in Paris attacked the Tuileries Palace, where King Louis XVI resided. (The king was later arrested, put on trial for treason, and executed.)
1821: Missouri became the 24th state.
1846: President James K. Polk signed a measure establishing the Smithsonian Institution.
1945: A day after the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Imperial Japan conveyed its willingness to surrender provided the status of Emperor Hirohito remained unchanged. (The Allies responded the next day, saying they would determine the Emperor's future status.)
1949: The National Military Establishment was renamed the Department of Defense.