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Maryland introduced a school accountability system last year that gives parents, students and teachers a way to easily tell how well their school is doing. The rankings for 2019 will be released Tuesday.

The system means the public won’t have to wade through a mass of numbers on different places in the state’s website to see how well their school is performing. Instead, schools get a star and a percentile rating.

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Here’s what you need to know about the rating system and how it’s been tweaked for its second year:

What will stars in the new school rating system really mean?

» Each school will be assigned a rating, from a minimum of one star to a maximum of five stars. In its first year, about 60 percent of schools received a four or five star — a much higher number than anticipated. Only 35 schools earned just one star.

» The factors that go into the rating include academic achievement on the Partnership for Assessment of Readiness for College and Careers (the PARCC tests), the chronic absenteeism rate, the graduation percentage, the existence of a well-rounded curriculum and the achievement of English language learners.

» For the first time this year, the rating system will include a school survey given to students and educators asking questions about behavior, academic support, and relationships between teachers and students. Elementary and middle school science test results also will be added.

» The rating system offers an easy way for the public to compare schools in different districts around the state, such as an elementary school in Montgomery County to an elementary school in Howard County.

» The star ratings were required by a federal law called the Every Student Succeeds Act or ESSA, which replaced the more punitive No Child Left Behind Act. Most states now have a rating system similar to Maryland’s, using stars or A-through-F grades.

» The lowest-performing schools — the bottom 5 percent — will be labeled in need of “comprehensive support.” School administrators will work with the state to develop improvement plans, and some federal funds will be available to help make changes at those schools.

» The public will be able to see more data on each school than ever before. The data will be more easily organized on one page that allows the public to see not only how many stars a school has earned, but other data that went into the rating, including the number of points the school earned for each factor and its percentile ranking.

» Eventually, the state plans to make it possible for the public to compare schools with similar demographics.

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