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The conviction of a former Naval Academy midshipman for sexually assaulting a female midshipman while she slept has been overturned.

First reported by Navy Times, the Navy-Marine Corps Court of Criminal Appeals ruled on Dec. 30 that former midshipman Mason Gilpin’s 2018 conviction of sexual assault was “factually insufficient.”

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Court documents called the 2016 incident between Gilpin and a female fellow second-class midshipman, referred to in court as KS, “an alcohol-fueled sexual encounter.” Gilpin was acquitted of sexually assaulting KS for being too intoxicated to consent but was found guilty of sexually assaulting her while she was “asleep and otherwise unaware” in her Bancroft Hall dorm.

A three-judge Navy-Marine Corps Court of Criminal Appeals panel found the case against Gilpin to be factually insufficient but didn’t find merit in its assertion on jurisdiction over Gilpin after he was separated from the Naval Academy. Due to the finding on the case being factually insufficient, the panel rendered moot two other assertions by the defense regarding misapplication of United States v. Sager and trial counsel committing prosecutorial misconduct.

“There is simply too much reasonable doubt associated with the evidence in this case,” judge Lt. Col. John Stephens wrote for the panel.

“We are not charged with deciding ‘who to believe,’ but simply whether the Government proved its case beyond a reasonable doubt. It did not.”

The panel also included senior judge Navy Cmdr. Angela Tang and judge Cmdr. Michael Lawrence.

Stephens wrote that KS had no memories from the evening of the reported assault, “from the time she was drinking … until the next morning, except for one thing — she remembers a dream-like snapshot where she saw MIDN Gilpin’s face as she was on top of him in her bed.”

The next day, after Gilpin told a mutual classmate of what he called their "drunken hookup,” KS texted Gilpin, “Wake your ass up I need to talk to you,” court documents said. Gilpin then offered to buy KS Plan B emergency contraception since both midshipmen were concerned she would get pregnant, Stephens wrote.

One of KS’s fellow midshipmen said KS called her later that morning, " ‘crying’ and ‘hysterical’ and said she woke up in her bed with her pants off and hickeys on her neck,” according to the ruling.

Navy’s Judge Advocate General Corps spokeswoman Patricia Babb declined to comment on whether the Navy will appeal the ruling.

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