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How to wear face masks in hot weather

As anyone who’s spent time under a mask recently can tell you, the practice isn’t often enjoyable. And as the weather warms up, face masks could become particularly sweaty and uncomfortable.

"Philadelphia summers are tough," says Nicole Jochym, a third-year medical student at Cooper Medical School at Rowan University who works with the Sew Face Masks Philadelphia organization.

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After all, even as the temperature rises, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention still recommends wearing face masks, and in some cases, it is required. Luckily there are some strategies to help make masking up more bearable in warm weather.

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Choose your material

Wearing a mask can be hot and make breathing feel more difficult. With that in mind, you'll want to make sure your mask is reasonably breathable to help both increase comfort and decrease the impulse to touch the mask to adjust it — which is a big no-no when out and about.

"You want a breathable fabric," Jochym says. Her recommendation: Using a mask that is made from 100% cotton. According to the CDC, good options include woven cotton sheets and T-shirt fabric.

While cotton isn't moisture-wicking, she says, it's more breathable than synthetic fabrics like polyester, and it could make masks more comfortable in the heat. Avoid filters, Jochym adds, because they are often made from synthetic materials, and can make masks hotter and harder to breathe through.

Check the fit

Your mask should be somewhat snug on your face, but you don't want it to be so tight that it's uncomfortable or difficult to breathe through. To solve that issue, says Carrie L. Kovarik, an associate professor of dermatology at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, try out different masks, or use one that has adjustable ties.

"A tie mask probably would be better. Elastic straps can be irritating behind the ear," she says. "Don't put it on so tight that you can't breathe."

Jochym seconds that, saying that Sew Face Masks Philadelphia encourages using ties because they are adjustable. "Every face shape is different," she adds; ties have the potential for a better, more comfortable fit.

Bring extras

Cloth masks, the Pennsylvania Department of Health has noted, should not be worn when they become damp or wet, which could cause issues in the summer, when we're all sweating more heavily. Because cotton masks will absorb sweat when you wear them, Jochym says, it is important to have several clean ones available to use.

"In Philadelphia's hot and humid summers, it could be difficult to get around with just one," she says. "You have to be able to switch it out as it gets damp on the inside."

Kovarik adds that health-care workers are often advised to take a 15-minute break from wearing their mask every two hours to give their skin time to air out, which could mean using several masks per day. If you plan to swap your mask, she says, do it at home, or if that is not possible, in an area without other people. "You don't want to take it off in the middle of everything," she says.

And always follow proper mask removal techniques, including washing your hands and not touching the front of the mask.

Limit how long you wear one

If hot weather makes wearing a mask uncomfortable, try to limit the amount of time you need to wear one. Masks, the CDC says, should be worn in "public settings where other social distancing measures are difficult to maintain," such as grocery stores and pharmacies, and Pennsylvania requires masks at all essential businesses.

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"Think about when wearing a mask is necessary, and not wearing one when it is not needed," Kovarik says. You may not need one when driving alone in your car, or sitting solo on your porch — as long as you are maintaining proper social distancing.

To help keep your mask time to a minimum, Jochym says, try planning effective routes to your destination, or plan your trips around the number of masks that you have available. And do not wear your mask off your nose when out in public.

Take care of your skin

Hot summer weather can cause moisture to build up under a mask, which can irritate your skin (similar to a diaper rash) Kovarik says. That problem, however, may be less common for people wearing cloth masks compared to health-care workers wearing less-breathable surgical or N95 masks.

"In hot weather, you will have a lot of moisture under there, and the skin can break down a little more," she says. "Moisture from breath or heat builds up, and you can get a rash."

If your skin does become irritated due to using a mask, Kovarik recommends using a noncomedogenic (non-pore-blocking) moisturizer — and avoid products like petroleum jelly. Apply your preferred salve after wearing a mask to help repair skin.

Additionally, Kovarik recommends not wearing makeup under a mask, as it could further clog your pores.

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