Writing in Morocco in the 1970s, Paul Bowles theorized that booze is acceptable in the Western/capitalist world because it commits one to extroversion, but cannabis could never be totally accepted because it commits you to introversion, which is no good for business. Likewise, alcohol dims the sound of the inner voice while cannabis works well for contemplation, making it compatible with Islamic cultures. This dichotomy was played out in law in the porous and shifting boundaries between Greece and Turkey at the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th centuries. You could drink in Greece, but not smoke dope, although the law was rarely enforced before the 1920s. In Turkey and the Ottoman Empire, you could have your raki, so long as you didn't get noticeably drunk, but smoke your fill. So, when the refugees arrived from Smyrna, despised and abandoned by their countrymen, many hit the pipe as a matter of custom from back home in Turkey, and many smoked as a point of pride because, well, fuck the authorities, they can't tell me what to do.