During these years, Qayum ran his nonprofit, ACS, and brought in a woman named Sarah Chayes to help run it. Chayes fought against corruption and lived unconventionally, wearing the traditional pashtun dress for men. "At a traffic stop, when a cop would usually ask for money for a bribe, she would hold her hand out first and ask him for money," Qayum says, and they would be shamed into letting her pass. ACS ran a radio station and worked on schools for girls, among other things. Chayes wrote a book "The Punishment of Virtue: Inside Afghanistan After the Taliban" about her time working for Qayum, in which she described the goal of ACS as helping Afghanistan "regain its ancient role as a connector of empires, facilitating the exchange of riches, people, and ideas between them . . . we never espoused the traditional humanitarian credo of political neutrality . . . we wished to promote awareness, understanding, and mutual appreciation between Afghans and Americans."