A better way to envision the disaster using airplanes is to recall the Sopwith Camel, the WWI-era biplane fighter. As with all early aircraft designs, the Camel was developed by trial and error, and was absurdly dangerous compared to a modern plane. In the hands of an experienced pilot it was deadly maneuverable. But novices crashed Camels with regularity, owing to a design in which the engine itself rotated with the propeller. The spinning engine block created massive gyroscopic torque, so the plane tended to dive to the right, particularly when taking off. A slight error in fuel metering, a moment of distraction, and the plane would pitch forward and corkscrew to the ground, immolating its pilot in a cloud of fire.