Last month's settlement is the third significant victory in five years for local "housing mobility" advocates. In 2012, ACLU of Maryland reached a final settlement with HUD in a public housing segregation lawsuit. In Thompson v. HUD, former residents of city high-rise projects like Lexington Terrace sued the city and HUD for allegedly concentrating public housing in poor, racially isolated neighborhoods, and a federal judge found HUD liable. The 2012 settlement created 2,600 vouchers for former public housing residents to use across metropolitan Baltimore in so-called "communities of opportunity": areas that ranked high on job growth, proximity to transit, school test scores, poverty level, and crime rates. (A 1996 partial consent decree in Thompson v. HUD had already created 1,800 mobility vouchers.) In 2016, Baltimore County settled a fair housing complaint, agreeing to incentivize developers to create 1,000 affordable units in communities of opportunity.