Like a tartan stripe stitched to the flag, the fictions of the Scottish mystique became our truths. Popular representations of Scotland were consumed so widely in the United States that they became part of how Americans understood themselves, whether they had Scottish ancestry or not, and in some cases, how Americans invented themselves. When the founders of the Ku Klux Klan reached for a symbol that would look back to a mythic, unspoiled white tribalism and forward to the spectacle of terror, they dog-eared the pages of Sir Walter Scott's narrative poem 'The Lady of the Lake' about the traditional Highland practice of cross burning. And yet the very same book could be found on the nightstand of Nathan Johnson, free black man and conductor on the Underground Railroad in New Bedford, Massachusetts. It was from another clan, the heroic Douglas clan of Scott's poem, that Johnson drew his suggestion for a new name for his lodger, a fugitive from Baltimore named Frederick Bailey. "Since reading that charming poem myself," Frederick Douglass later wrote, "I have often thought that, considering the noble hospitality and manly character of Nathan Johnson, black man though he was, he, far more than I, illustrated the virtues of Douglas of Scotland." Adding the extra "S" made the name Douglass' own, and made the Douglas clan one more white family to whom he owed nothing.