Muslim leaders call that kind of attitude scare mongering, and point out that Kenya's Islamic courts predate the country's independence from Britain, when they were formally brought under the Ministry of Justice. Muslims make up about 10 percent of Kenya's 40 million people.Everyone involved in a case before a Kadhi court must be Muslim, and must be there voluntarily. Muslim Kenyans also have the right to pursue cases in the congested secular courts. The harshest punishment the Kadhis can impose is a fine, and their mandate is limited to matters of divorce, marriage and inheritance. Appeals go to Kenya's secular High Court.