With arrival of the winter chill, staying indoors and making use of warm, dry spaces to keep fit is far more attractive than venturing outside, and for those who love to play the links there are quite a few ways to keep golf-fit during the winter months and on into the rest of the year.
"If you dedicate yourself to exercises that provide longevity and strength, then that helps," says Doug Pike, Head Golf Professional at Meadowood Napa Valley, California.
For golfers it's all about performance on the links, and one way to improve performance is to focus on exercises that help strengthen and lengthen muscles.
"I wouldn't recommend trying to add bulk to the frame," says Pike. "Range of motion is paramount."
When choosing exercises to improve your golf swing make sure to select ones that enhance balance — one of the keys to a great swing.
"When you look at the way a golfer coils and uncoils, it's similar to the way a cobra coils and uncoils," says Shifu Liz Weaver, co-owner of Sheng Chi Kung Fu, an online martial arts quan found at shoushu.com.
The muscle groups that are used in the wind up and release of a golf swing are the same muscle groups used in the cobra style of the Shoushu system.
"The leg strength is similar as is the core strength," Weaver says. "Cobra is a circular energy that has more of a whipping action."
This similarity of body movement makes practicing the cobra as an exercise particularly helpful for golfers, and traditional exercises help to develop both.
"To strengthen the core, I would say plank," Weaver says about specific exercises to help with the cobra move and golf.
Another core and leg strengthen exercise is the dead lift without the use of weights.
"Without the weights, it's going to work the calf, hamstrings, glutes and the lower back," she says. "Lunges are good for the legs too."
Beyond the body mechanics, martial arts and golf share similarities as they involve mental as well as physical practice.
"It's all about the focus," says Weaver. "Golfers are very focused. They have the ability to strategize; they have the ability to look at everything around them and cut out background noise in order to get the task done. We use the same tactics."
"The goal is to learn and understand how your body works, how your body creates energy and your individual process to get there," she continues.