In 1946, a Light Street block party was held to celebrate the one-year anniversary of V-J Day, the day after Japan agreed to surrender during World War II. The block was decorated with American flags, multicolored pennants and lights, and featured live music. (Baltimore Sun file photo, 1946)

1914: The Panama Canal was opened to traffic.

1918: The United States and Russia severed diplomatic relations.

1939: The MGM film musical “The Wizard of Oz” premiered at the Grauman’s Chinese Theater in Hollywood.

1961: East German workers began building the Berlin Wall.

Compiled by Jessica D. Evans and Paul McCardell.