Across the region, awnings and barns buckled under the crushing weight of the snow, causing injuries to people and livestock. Even the 119-year-old roundhouse at the B&O Railroad Museum complex was not immune: The historic shrine to American railroading lost half its roof to a mass of snow.
"This is going to go down as a pretty memorable storm," said Andy Woodcock, a meteorologist with the National Weather Service in Sterling, Va.
Gov. Robert L. Ehrlich Jr. said yesterday that he plans to ask President Bush to declare Maryland a federal disaster area to help the state recoup the costs of cleaning up the storm, second only to the "Knickerbocker Storm" of January 1922 that dumped 26.5 inches in Baltimore.
The state will spend at least $30 million by the time road-clearing crews are done scraping the last inch of snow from state highways, Ehrlich said.
If the state is eligible, the federal government could reimburse state and local governments for up to 75 percent of what it cost to combat the weekend storm that dumped 24.4 inches at .
The governor lifted his executive order yesterday that banned driving Sunday night, but he continued to make televised pleas for motorists to stay off the roads.
State troopers, patrolling in four-wheel drive vehicles and more than 50 National Guard Humvees, had responded to 1,330 calls for service by yesterday morning, including 173 accidents and 764 motorists with disabled vehicles, said Maj. Greg Shipley, Maryland state police spokesman.
But by and large, officials said, motorists were heeding the governor's advice, which enabled road crews to make considerable progress as the state of emergency remained in effect for a second day.
Movement was slow across the region as Marylanders struggled to a navigate a snow-covered landscape that resembled a beautifully eerie Arctic wasteland.
Planes at BWI were grounded for much of the day. The Maryland Transit Administration kept buses and trains off the roads and rails. Schools and city and county government offices in the Baltimore region - closed anyway for Presidents Day yesterday - will also be closed today.
Curbside trash and bulk items will not be picked up in Baltimore, Annapolis or Anne Arundel County today. Baltimore officials said service would be delayed "until further notice."
With sidewalks buried beneath heaps of white, powdery snow, pedestrians took the place of cars on streets in downtown Baltimore, walking in the well-worn tire tracks of SUVs. On Monument Street, walkers with arms and thumbs outstretched begged for rides. Along Interstate 95 in Cecil County, a long line of cars snaked behind a wedge of snow plows.
The storm turned Main Street in Ellicott City into a ghost town of closed shops. For much of yesterday morning, the only audible sounds were the scraping of snow shovels on sidewalks and the occasional passing of a snowplow, pickup truck or SUV.
Yardstick measurements showed snow levels that ranged from 16 to 31 inches along Main Street. So much snow fell that it brought down a tent over a restaurant patio and the metal awning over the sidewalk in front of a hardware store. It also created drifts so high that they engulfed cars parked along a nearby residential community.
"Some of these cars look like igloos, they're so covered," said John Aundertmark, who was digging out his Ford along Frederick Road.
In the Landings neighborhood of Annapolis, Carolyn Smith looked spent after two hours of shoveling knee-deep snow from around her Toyota Camry and her front steps. Her exercise routine typically consists of walks through the Library of Congress, where she is a researcher.
"I may discover aches and pains I never knew about before," she said yesterday. "I keep thinking, 'Where are all those enterprising neighborhood kids who want to make a little money?'"
Rico said he had shoveled the walk outside his house and his grandmother's house before landing his first paying job - $10 shoveling for a neighbor on Exeter Street. He was shoveling the snow at the church, he said, for free.
"Even if Father Mike offers me money, I ain't going to take it," said Rico, who then quickly, and excitedly, realized that his Pepsi can had frozen to the concrete. "Look at that."
"I'm hoping to make $50 by the end of the day," Rico said. "But," he added, examining the dozens of other people shoveling snow along the street, "there's a lot of competition."
Shoveling proved deadly for some. Authorities said a 42-year-old Frederick County man and two Anne Arundel County men died of heart attacks yesterday while shoveling snow. The latter were identified only as a 60-year-old from Severn and a 64-year-old from Odenton.
Two other county residents, a 40-year-old Ferndale man and a Crownsville woman, were hospitalized after having weather-related heart attacks, said county spokesman Matt Diehl.
Barbara Marie Johnson, 65, was taken to the hospital yesterday after the aluminum awning in the rear of her North Baltimore home collapsed from snow.
Her husband, Herman O. Johnson, said the 10-by-20-foot awning covering their back yard in the 4500 block of Marble Hall Road fell on his wife at noon.
"There was a knot on the side of her head, and she didn't know what was going on," he said. Barbara Marie Johnson, a retired hospital employee, was taken by ambulance to Good Samaritan Hospital.
In Carroll County, a wooden building collapsed under the weight of snow on the roof at Tomorrow's Promise Farm on Baust Church Road in New Windsor, injuring roughly 50 head of cattle.
Those stranded guests who ventured out of the Renaissance Hotel were greeted by the strains of the Brandenburg Concertos, beckoning shoppers to the Presidents Day sales at the Gallery that never happened. There was the occasional swhussh of a snowplow.
Amid the frozen downtown landscape, the Harbor Court Fitness Center was an oasis of bare flesh and warmth. Stranded hotel guests splashed in the steaming hot tub and some booked $75 an hour massages and $120 sessions of "hot stone therapy."
Jayme Laurash, a father of three from Cranbury, N.J., sat in the 104-degree hot tub with his 2-year-old daughter Madelyn, while his other daughters, Emma 7, and Brynn, 5, frolicked nearby .
Laurash said when he and his wife, Jennifer, heard reports of blowing snow on the New Jersey highways, they extended their weekend visit to Baltimore.
"We had plans to visit the ," Laurash said. "One day, we got as far as the Hyatt, then hurried back to the pool and hot tub."
Meanwhile, Dorothy Voelker, 89, wondered at the hubbub the Snowstorm of 2003 caused.
She was an 8-year-old girl during the 1922 blizzard and vividly recalls getting stuck in a snowdrift on 22nd Street. "It was bad then, but we just took it in stride," she said by phone from the Oak Crest Village retirement community on Walther Avenue. "Now they make such a to-do of it. Then, people just walked for miles to get where they were going."
When she got stuck, Voelker was trying to walk from her Kennedy Avenue home to Durkin's store to buy milk for her mother. Luckily for her, a group of men saw her sink into a snowbank.
"I couldn't get up. I kept trying to push," she said. "They had to come out and rescue me."
"You know what," said June Davis, as Gladden edged an electric razor around his ears, "everything that's happening here, it's in the Almanac."
The almanac forecast for the Northeast states, which includes the area from Maine through Virginia, says: "Major storm adversely affects New England, south to the Delmarva Peninsula. Heavy rains and snows, accompanied by gale-force winds along coast, very low temperatures."
Woodcock of the National Weather Service said that higher temperatures are in store for the week. "We want a gradual melt," he said. "We have to be careful what we wish for. As much as people don't like this much snow, I guarantee you ... people like a good flood even less."
Sun staff writers Larry Carson, Athima Chansanchai, Tim Craig, Dan Thanh Dang, Doug Donovan, Mary Gail Hare, Rob Kasper, Liz F. Kay, Rona Kobell, Kimball Payne, Dennis O'Brien, Jennifer McMenamin, Marcia Myers, Erika Niedowski, Ivan Penn, Ariel Sabar, Jason Song, Linell Smith, Childs Walker, Del Quentin Wilber, Laurie Willis and John Woestendiek contributed to this article.