Stanislaw Lem, the science fiction writer behind the movie "Solaris" starring George Clooney, has died at age 84.
The world-renowned author died of heart failure in a hospital in Krakow, Poland on Monday, March 27, according to published reports. He had been struggling with heart disease and was in the hospital to treat circulatory problems.
Of his books, which have sold more than 27 million copies worldwide, his best-known works are "The Cyberiad" -- stories told from a fictional mechanical world ruled by robots -- and "Solaris." The latter was previously made into a film by Russian director Andrei Tarkovsky in 1984 before Steven Soderbergh's adaptation in 2002 starring Clooney.
Lem was born in Lvov, Poland in 1921 and studied medicine before World War II. Because of communism, his first novel "Hospital of Transfiguration" was censored for eight years until freedom of speech was earned after the "Polish October" popular uprising.
His other works include "The Investigation," "Eden," "Return from the Stars," "The Invincible," "His Master's Voice," "The Star Diaries," "The Futurological Congress," "Tales of Prix the Pilot," "Summa Technologiae," "Katar" and "Observations on the Spot."
He is survived by his wife, Dr. Barbara Lesniak, and son Tomasz.Copyright © 2015, The Baltimore Sun