A few years ago, during my first attempt at learning a second language, I took a weeklong Spanish course in Antigua, a tiny colonial town near Guatemala City, the capital of this Central American country. In a stucco building on a cobblestone street, I learned how to conjugate verbs and construct basic sentences in the present and future tenses. I tried rolling my Rs, tried to pronounce my Js as if they were Hs caught in the back of my throat.
But five four-hour lessons do not a Spanish speaker make. After I returned to my English-speaking environment in the U.S., the lessons faded. So did my desire to study Spanish at home.
FOR THE RECORD:
Translations: An illustration accompanying the article on learning languages overseas in the Jan. 6 Travel section included the German phrase "Ich bin verloren" as a translation of "I'm lost." That is a more metaphorical translation of the phrase, indicating a state of distress. "Ich weiss nicht wo ich bin" is the correct phrase for not knowing one's whereabouts.
Since then I've been an on-again, off-again language student, popping in and out of classes in Europe and Latin America.
Some experts say you don't need to go abroad to learn a language.
"Successful language learning is influenced and constrained by a person's desire to learn a language, the school curriculum and the value society places on speaking another language," says Rachael Sills, editor of Velázquez Spanish and English Dictionary. "Study abroad addresses only the first factor, since only the most motivated students choose to go abroad."
But the idea of immersion and travel is too powerful an allure to pass up. If you're serious about learning a language abroad, you can learn from my many mistakes. And you can learn that my mistakes -- or at least my reaction to them -- are part of the problem.
All agree: It's tough
Even experts don't agree on the best way to learn a language. Some say it can be done in a classroom; others say that full immersion is the key. Still others say some combination of the two is best.
What they do agree on is the dedication it requires to master another tongue.
"A language is a complex system, and you're not going to learn it overnight and you're not going to learn it easily," says Susan Gass, university distinguished professor of linguistics and languages at Michigan State University in East Lansing and the author of books related to second-language acquisition. "It's like lots of skills -- say, tennis or any sport. It takes a lot of work and a lot of trying to figure it out."
Gass had her own struggles learning Italian when she was a high school student. Like me, she had at least one false start, hers in Italy and mine in Guatemala.
Surrounded by three volcanoes (one of them, Fuego, is active), Antigua, Guatemala, a town of only 30,000, is home to more than 30 Spanish language schools. As part of a language immersion program at Spanish Academy Sevilla, I lived for a week in the spotless home of a woman named María and her husband and child.
For $75, the family provided a private room, shared bath and three home-cooked meals every day for a week. The school charged $100 for a week of private, four-hour classes.
As is the case with most language immersion classes, mine was taught entirely in Spanish.
Speaking and listening in the local language is the basis of language immersion. The less English you speak, the faster the language is supposed to sink in.
Still, I was frustrated by my inability to understand verbal directives. When my instructor's message failed to get through to me, she used gestures.
LEARNING A LANGUAGE
Staying afloat while learning a new language
Studying Spanish abroad, immersion style, is daunting. But the journey is about taking risks.
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