Scientific Research

Scientific breakthroughs require U.S. investment

Scientific breakthroughs require U.S. investment

In 1900, life expectancy in the United States was less than 50 years. Today, it is nearly 80. In 1915, 10 percent of babies born here died before the age of one. A hundred years later, this rate has declined precipitously, to less than one in 10,000.

Through biomedical research as well as public health advances, we have vanquished smallpox and nearly eliminated polio; we have sharply reduced measles, cholera, typhoid and other infectious diseases that once killed tens of thousands of Americans each year. We have developed powerful treatments to combat heart disease, cancer and other diseases.

In large part, this historic progress rests on the work of thousands of scientists...