Nonprofit aims to breathe new life into vacant East Baltimore warehouse

Herbert Clark Hoover

Laurel's forgotten role in the Bonus Army [History Matters]

Laurel's forgotten role in the Bonus Army [History Matters]

After six years of lobbying by the American Legion and Veterans of Foreign Wars, Congress passed legislation in 1924 that provided for a bonus, based on length and place of service, to World War I veterans. Recipients who were due $50 or less were paid immediately, but, according to the legislation, the rest were to be paid in 1945, 21 years later. Once the Great Depression set in, the bonus due them was becoming more and more vital to the veterans.

The idea for a march on Washington to speed up payment began in Portland, Ore., led by World War I veteran Walter Waters. Waters called his veterans the Bonus Expeditionary Force, or BEF, a play on the original American Expeditionary...