In 1558, Elizabeth I acceded to the English throne upon the death of her half-sister, Queen Mary, beginning a 44-year reign.
1800: Congress held its first session in Washington in the partially completed Capitol building.
1869: The Suez Canal opened in Egypt.
1889: The Union Pacific Railroad Co. began direct daily service between Chicago and Portland, Ore., as well as between Chicago and San Francisco.
1947: President Harry S Truman, in an address to a special session of Congress, called for emergency aid to Austria, Italy and France. (The aid was approved the following...