Catherine E. Pugh

What should replace Baltimore's Confederate monuments?

What should replace Baltimore's Confederate monuments?

In the aftermath of Baltimore Mayor Catherine Pugh’s decision to remove several statues memorializing the Confederacy and its leaders from sites around the city, local artists, activists and educators are asking what, if anything, should replace those now discredited monuments.

There’s no easy answer to that question, not least because the sculptures’ meaning for us today is so different from the meaning they were intended to convey at the time they were created, when the ideology of white supremacy and the economic and political subjugation of black people were such seemingly permanent features of the cultural landscape that they went largely unquestioned by most...

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