Historian wrote 'Death in Rome'
His wife, Beverly Gerstel, said he died of complications from cancer surgery.
Katz wrote extensively on 20th-century Italian history in books, essays and articles, some of which were made into films. In "Days of Wrath," Katz chronicled the 1978 kidnapping and killing of Aldo Moro, a former premier, at the hands of the Red Brigades. In "The Battle for Rome" he looked at the months that followed the fall of Benito Mussolini at the end of World War II. Another book, "The Cassandra Crossing," about European train travelers exposed to bubonic plague, was made into a film starring Sophia Loren and Richard Harris.
But it was his book "Death in Rome" — and the subsequent movie based on it, called "Massacre in Rome" — that made the biggest splash. The book dealt with the 1944 slaughter by Germany's occupying troops of 335 innocent Italian men at the Ardeatine Caves in retaliation for an attack by Italian partisans the day before.
The book, published in 1967, stirred controversy because it suggested Pope Pius XII did not intervene to stop the massacre even though he knew about the Nazis' plans. When the movie came out, a relative of the late pontiff brought a lawsuit against Katz.
A two-year criminal trial ended with the author being convicted and sentenced to 14 months in prison for defaming the pope's memory. The verdict was overturned on appeal and later the case was dismissed by Italy's highest court.
A native of Brooklyn, N.Y., Katz moved to Italy in the mid-1960s.
Dr. Mervyn Hardinge, a medical researcher who specialized in vegetarian nutrition and founded the School of Public Health at Loma Linda University in 1967, serving as its dean until 1976, died Sept. 20. He was 90.
-- Times staff and wire reports
PASSINGS: Robert Katz, Mervyn Hardinge
Robert Katz, historian who wrote 'Death in Rome', dies at 77; Mervyn Hardinge, founder of Loma Linda University's School of Public Health, dies at 90
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